The relationship between depression, anxiety, childhood trauma, quality of life and sociodemographic feature in patients with psoriasis
Cem Sesliokuyucu, Musa Şahpolat, Mustafa Arı
Objective: One of the most common dermotological disease psoriasis is not just a dermotological problem, it brings various psychosocial problems with it. Psychological variables in psoriasis patients examined in many studies. In our study we aimed to examine depression, anxiety, life quality and childhood trauma levels of patients.
Method: 70 patients who had been diagnosed with psoriasis and applicanted to Mustafa Kemal University Tayfur Ata Sokmen Faculty of Medicine Research Hospital Dermatology Department received to the study. 72 healthy volunteers constituted the control group. Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI), Psoriasis Function Loss Index (PFLI), Short Form-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire (SF-36), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS ) were performed to these people.
Results: In our study, more statistically significantly depression in psoriasis group than in the healthy control group, more statistically significantly anxiety in psoriasis group than in the healthy control group were detected. Deterioration occurred in the functioning of the patients and more statistically significantly funcionality deterioration were found than in control group. More statistically significantly childhood trauma scale score in psoriasis group than in the healthy control group, When we look at the activity vitality energy subscale score, vitality subscale score, social functioning subscale scores in SF-36 subscale scores of the patient group were detected statistically significant lower than the control group.
Conclusions: According to our study findings psoriasis patients’ anxiety, depression, quality of life and childhood psychological trauma has significant association with psychiatric symptoms although in different studies these findings also changes but indicates that patients needed psychiatric help.
Key words: psoriasis, depression, anxiety, quality of life, childhood trauma